By definition orienteering is a sport involving a map and a compass.
The goal of orienteering is to complete a course in point-to-point order. In other words the goal is to find a series of control points in order. The controls are marked with triangular orange and white flags. A typical orienteering event offers five, six, or seven
different courses of varying difficulty. The courses are named using colors:
Controls are often shared by more than one course. You might see someone at your control and be tempted to follow them, but they could be on a different course!
Although we talked above about the fastest person winning, many people enjoy orienteering for the challenge it offers and are totally uninterested in their time. Likewise, many families go as a group on one of the easier courses.
The map is a very detailed map of a section of woods or parkland. Streams, trails, hills, depressions, rocks, etc. are all mapped in great detail and very accurately located.